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Yambol and Elhovo

The Municipality of Elhovo can be found in the south-eastern part of Bulgaria. Bordering in the south east with Turkey, the area takes in part of the middle valley of the Tundzha River, with its hilly lowland areas, and low mountains. The Tundzha River forms a pretty canyon between the Sakar Mountain and the Dervent Elevations as it flows through the low mountains in the southern part of the region. This area is particularly attractive due to the winding roads and steep valleys.


The Climate:
The region benefits from mild winters (average temperature 0oC), and long, hot and dry summers (average temperature 23oC). The average annual temperature is between 11-13oC.
Maximum rainfall occurs in June and November/Decemeber.
The area can get quite windy at the start of spring, with quick warm gusts blowing in along the Tundzha River valley.

It is believed that people have lived in this area from as early as 6,000-4,000 B.C. Stone and copper tools, pottery and ornaments from the Neolithic period have been discovered here. The town itself is believed to have been built by the Thracians, under the name of ‘Orouditsa’. Remains of Thracian fortresses, burial mounds and settlements have been discovered, along with artefacts such as pottery, weapons, tools and tablets (bearing pictures of the Thracian Horsemen). Megalithic tombs, known as ‘dolmens’ were also left behind by the Thracians in this area.

After the Liberation (21 January 1878) the town was restored to a provincial centre and workshops and factories sprang to life. Elhovo has had its present name since 18 March 1925 when it was acknowledged as a town under Decree No.86.During the latter part of the 20th century the town confirmed its position as a principal economic and administrative centre.

The Economy
The principal portion of the area’s rural economy lies in plant and crop cultivation - wheat, barley, sunflowers and coriander being the main crops. Vine growing is not as popular in this region of the country, although it does happen to a small extent. Small vegetable plots by private producers can be seen too. The breeding of livestock is also popular in the area - cows, bulls, sheep and goats being the most common, followed by poultry, rabbits and bees. Industry in the area is mostly concerned with machinery construction, food production, tobacco production, and beverage production.

Education in Elhovo
There is: a kindergarten/nursery, a municipal children’s centre, five full-time kindergartens, one special-care boarding school, seven primary schools, two vocational schools, and one secondary school in the municipality. The two vocational schools admit pupils from Elhovo, Bolyarovo and Topolovgrad Municipalities.

Sports Facilities
The ‘Stefan Karadzha’ sports club regularly use and maintain the town’s stadium. At Gyolbounar, 30 kms from Elhovo, there is a half-open shooting range for training and sport shooting. There is also an Olympic size swimming pool, which is unfortunately not in use at the moment because of damage, but several private companies have shown interest in re-opening it.

The Specialised Ethnographic Museum (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ) contains artefacts from the whole Strandzha-Sakar region. The museum was opened in 1971 (founded in 1958) and is home to one of the most interesting exhibitions in the country. There are over 20,100 items on display, and are exhibited in the following categories: clothes and ornaments; cloths and embroidery; farming; the house and its interior; hunting and fishing; spiritual culture, customs and folklore; traditional crafts; and transport. There is also an extensive document and photographical archive (over 8,000 exhibits) which charts the development of the region since the Liberation.

The museum is located in the town centre in two single-storey buildings built in 1933, which were amalgamated during the 1960s. The exhibitions take place in four halls, which are preceded by a short history of Elhovo. The first hall contains livelihood displays from the end of the 19th century and early 20th century - tobacco growing, vine growing, agriculture, and some crafts including tailoring and coppersmiths. In the second hall there is a display of a house and its interior from the same period, and also shows the building techniques of the time. Clothing and costumes from south-east Bulgaria are on display in the third hall. Of particular interest are the ladies’ folk costumes which are intricate and impressive. There is also clothing on display from Aegean Thrace and Aegean Macedonia. Traditional holidays and customs are brought to life in the fourth hall. At the end of the exhibition, distinctive fretwork and iconography by local craftsmen is on display. The museum has a separate hall with a regularly changing exhibition. A recent exhibition was ‘The Archaeological heritage of the Elhovo Region’.

Flora and fauna in the region
There are two main reservations in the area. The Dolna Topchia Reservation can be found in the village of Izgrev and covers an area of 538 decares. It is made up of forests, and birds and animals you might see there include pheasants, owls, foxes, hares, wild boar and fallow deer.

The Balabana Reservation is slightly larger at 672 decares. Birds and animals you can expect to see in the forest include egrets, heron, jackals, foxes and hares. The Forest Fund covers a total area of 314,019 decares and is home to a variety of tree species including Austrian pine, cedar, red and common oak, maple, elm, acacia, Chinese ailanthus, walnut, and popular.