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Nature’s Gift, Primorsko

A popular summer destination for tourists from all over the world, Primorsko and its nature on the southern Black Sea coast offers a warm temperate climate, scenic environment and roots dating back to 1 BC. There is much to see and do in this area making it an ideal base for those looking for a peaceful family holiday to those visitors who want more than just a resort. The town is located between the Stamopolo and the Diavolski bays amidst a varied and scenic landscape consisting of dense forests and beaches covered in parts with rare plant life; in fact this is one of the few places on the coast that you can see some wonderful sand dunes. Off the coast you can spot dolphins and monk seals as you bask in the warm and friendly atmosphere of the local population who will ensure that your stay in this delightful seaside town is both pleasant and memorable.

 Getting There

Primorsko lies on a small peninsula 52 km to the south of Bourgas, which is home to the nearest international airport. You can catch a minibus from Bourgas bus station to the resort. Once you are in Primorsko everything in the resort can be easily accessed on foot, however if you wish to explore the primorsko nature reserves nearby you will need to get a car or taxi or join an organised tour.

A Dip Back in Time

Archaeologists have discovered the remnants of Thracian stone anchors dating back to the 2nd and 1st millennium BC.  They have also discovered the remains of lead anchors, believed to come from the 4th and 5th century BC as well as pottery, relics and tools from the Copper Age and early Iron Age. The area surrounding Primorsko is also home to the remains of an early Iron Age fortress known as Valchanovo Kale.  During the Middle Ages, the area was referred to in Ottoman documents as Zonarita in the area and a pier here was listed as a transport point for wood from the Strandzha forest to Constantinople. The Circassians also lived in neighbouring villages but fled to Turkey once Ottoman rule ended because they had committed many atrocities against the Bulgarian people and feared retribution.
Primorsko as a town was established in 1879 when it was called Kyupriya. Four families from Zabernovo and Balgari settled here; they cleared the forest and built houses. In 1953, the town was declared a national sea resort and in 1981, it merged with nearby Kiten and has witnessed outstanding increases in the number of residents over the last five years.

Must See

For families there is much to see and do and a must visit is the local water, which contains some great water chutes and a large, super fast U-shaped slide. The beaches in the area are not only beautiful, but contain a shallow stretch of water making them ideal for children. There are plenty of restaurants and cafes selling everything from pizza to local cuisine and some excellent fish delicacies.
For those interested in the regions early history, a trip to the Thracian Beglik Tash sanctuary will reap dividends. The sanctuary is the oldest in South Eastern Europe and was only discovered in 2003; it is believed to be a place where the Thracians worshiped the sun and the Mother God. Archaeologists have found many ceramic utensils and other treasures, which prove that the Thracians of this area were in communication with people from Egypt, Crete and Troy. The sanctuary is made up of huge rocks laid out in strategic patterns.

Another interesting site close to the town is the Ropotamo Primorsko Nature Reserve, which covers 1,000 hectares and is famous for its incredible rock formations which have been given names like the Lavska glava or lion's head and the Zmeiska kashta or dragon's house. The Ropotamo River runs through the reserve with thick woodland lining the banks on both sides and incredible water lilies covering a massive expanse of the river. The reserve gives the impression of being akin to a rain forest with plants creeping up the tree trunks, but further down the river, the forests give way to large expanses of open meadows and impenetrable swamps. The area is rich in wildlife with plenty of chub, goby, carp and barbell in the river and wild birds flying overhead – the reserve is on the migratory route known as the Via Ponitca. The forest provides a home to many deer, roes and wild boar. The park is divided into smaller reserves including Snakes Island or Zmiiski ostrov, which is home to some rare cacti as well as several rare birds and of course snakes. Legend has it that the snakes were left by pirates who buried their treasure here. The Vodni Lillii part of the reserve is where you will find the vast expanse of yellow and white water-lilies that grow here.

Another must see is the wonderful Perla Dunes, which lie to the north of the town between the Stamopolu lagoon and the beach. The tallest sand dune is 19 m high. The dunes are home to a 80 species of sand loving plants and 14 of these are so rare that they are listed in the Red Book of Bulgaria, a detailed list of endangered and rare plant and animal species. It is not only plants that inhabit this area; there are many rare amphibian species, reptiles, invertebrates and mammals.
A trip to the old ruins of the Thracian Azine Fortress, which dates back to the 6th century BC is also interesting. You will also find the ruins of the pre-Christian chapel Sv. Paraskeva and a small museum. Nearby the Sv. Troitsa chapel in the village of Novo Panicharevo is also worth visiting.

You can also take a trip over to the Maslen Nos, which is Bulgaria’s third largest cape and the eastern most point of the Strandzha Mountain. It is notorious for the many ships that were wrecked here – many were carrying cargoes of olive oil hence the capes name which translated as Oil Cape.

 

Pictures courtesy of www.bulgariaphotos.net