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Language - Part Two

Hopefully you have been practicing reading and writing the alphabet in Bulgarian. Now it is time to move

on to learning some new words. Some people think it is important to learn as much grammar as possible to begin with and then learn the vocabulary, but I disagree. We are going to learn some basic words and phrases first, before we plunge in to grammar drills. What is the point in spending hours and hours of your free time learning a language and not being able to speak it?! First, we will study the language basics and then we'll take a look at the grammar.

Learning objectives

Part two of the course is all about meeting and greeting. In this lesson you will learn:

To use what you already know to undestand new words
Learn how to greet people and ask simple questions
Inform people of where you are from and what langauge you speak

Introductions = Запознанства

ДА (da) Yes
НЕ (ne) No
Благодаря (blago'darya) Thank you
Ако Обичате (ako obee-chat-ay) If you please
Здравейте (zdrav-ay-tee) Hello (formal/to two or more people)
Здрасти (zdras-tee) Hi (informal)
Мерси (mer-see) Thanks (informal)
Довиждане (dovizh-dan-ay) Goodbye (formal)
Чао (chao) Bye (informal)
Добро Утро (dobro ootrow) Good morning
Добър Ден (dobar den) Good afternoon/good day
Лека нощ (leka nosht) Good night
Добър вечер (dobar vech-er) good evening
Моля (mol-ya) please/you are welcome

Questions = Въпроси

Как си? (Kak see) How are you?
Kak сте? (Kak ste') How are you? (plural/formal)
Как се казваш? (kak se kazvash) What is your name?
Какво правиш? (kakvo praveesh) What are you doing? (singular/to one person)
Какво правите? (kakvo prav-ee-te) What are you doing? (plural/formal)
Защо? (zashto) why? (formal)
Що? (shto) why? (informal)
Какво? (kakvo) what?
Как? (kak) how?
Къде? (kud-ay) Where?
Кога? (koga) when?

Answers = Отговори

Добре съм (dobre sum) I'm ok
Имам работа (imam rabota) I have something to do
Нищо (nishto) Nothing
Нищо интересно (nishto inter-ess-no) Nothing interesting

When we are addressing people that we don't know very well or not at all, we say 'здравейте' and 'как сте'. We also use these when we are talking to more than one person.
If we are talking to one person and friends and family, we say 'здрасти' and 'как си'.

Until next time -