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Lesson Two - to be, to have, to want

Welcome to Lesson Two of our complete language course, before starting this lesson, please ensure you are 100% confident in your understanding of the first lesson.

From now on, you will find three different sections every month called: BUILD STRENGTH in which you will be able to assess how much is left from last month’s lesson in terms of vocabulary and grammar; MAKE PROGRESS to help you gain more knowledge in both vocabulary and grammar; PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT which is meant to show you how well you can now work for yourself thanks to what you have learnt from previous lessons.

 

Build Strength

Here is a list of ten easy words you (should) have learnt in the last lesson. See how well you remember them. Also, print off this page and try to write them in cyrillic alongside! Plus, make sure now you can use ‘the’ in front of each of the ten words and write each word with the appropriate ‘the’ included:

1. (the) house
2. (the) passport
3. (the) suitcase
4. (the) office
5. (the) handbag
6. (the) bed
7. (the) car
8. (the) morning
9. (the) tree
10.(the) coffee

Make Progress

If you wish to make progress easily and make full sentences without pretension but taking you where you want to go, select the verbs you will need to learn as a priority. ‘to be’, ‘to have’ and ‘to want’ are among them and they are the target for this lesson.

To Be...
Аз съм, Ти си, Той е, тя е, то е, Ние сме, Вие сте, Те са

1. Аз съм англичанин, англичанка I am english As sam anglichanin (m), anglichanka (f)
2. Ти си уморен,уморена? You are tired Ti si umoren (m), umorena (f)
3. Той е болен He is sick Toy e bolen
4. Тя е болна She is sick Tya e bolna
5. То е болно It (a baby or animal for instance) is sick To e bolno
6. Ние сме заети We are busy Nie sme zaeti
7. Вие сте готови You are ready Vie ste gotovi
8. Те са сериозни They are serious Te sa seriozni

Note: it is not always necessary to use аз,т и, etc. , as the ending of the verb will provide enough information to the person you are speaking to, however we'll discuss this further in later lessons).

Whenever you find Вие with a capital letter, it means you are using the polite form. This may not seem obvious with ‘to be’ but see what it now looks like with ‘to have’ and you will rapidly
understand why you can do without them.

The word immediately situated after ‘to be’ is an adjective. Can you make any observation as to its ending according to the different person? If you spot something,it means that your grammar is improving and you will not have much need for dull and boring grammar books from now on. Please make your own notes on this.

To Have...
Имам, Имаш, Има, Имаме, Имате, Имат

To Want...
искам, искаш, иска, искаме, искате, искат

1. Имам една къща в България I have a house in Bulgaria Imam edna kashta v Balgaria
2. Искаш един кроасан You want a croissant Iskash edin kruasan
3. Има една голяма кола He/She has a big car Ima edna goliama kola
4. Искаме да намериме стая за една нощ We want to find a room for one night Iskame da namerime staya za edna nosht
5. Имате писмо от Георги You have a letter from Georgi Imate pismo ot Georgi
6. Имат урок на Български език They have a bulgarian lesson Imat urok na Balgarski ezik

Please note that искам да means I want to.The verb situated immediately after is always conjugated in the person used at the beginning of the sentence.


Practice Makes Perfect

With the knowledge acquired from previous lessons, put into practice what you have learnt today ... print off this page and read the Bulgarian text below and write the best possible translation in the space below. You may also wish to copy the sentence to check your cyrillic handwriting and to check how fast you can now write.

All the underlined words have been used either in previous lessons or in this one. If you don’t feel confident enough with the other words, have your dictionary near at hand to check how easily you can now look up a word in the dictionary and which translation you would therefore give to the word. The complete translation will be provided in next month’s issue!

Казвам се Джон. Аз съм англичанин. Аз съм от Лондон. Сега, аз съм в България за три седмици, защото искам да купя къща в България. Обичам тази страна, защото времето е часто хубаво.

 

 

 

Answers to the exercises in last month’s issue:

You had to decide whether the word was masculine, feminine or neutral and whether you were able to use ‘the’ in front of each of the words given to you. Let’s see what the solution looks like and how well you have done ... top marks to anyone who got all 15 correct, including the exception to the rule!

Кола (car) колата (the car) - feminine
Хотел (hotel) хотелът (the hotel) - masculine
Време (time/weather) времето (the time/weather) - neutral
Котка (cat) котката (the cat) - feminine
Куфар (suitcase) куфарът (the suitcase) - masculine
Чанта (handbag) чантата (the handbag) - feminine
Кафе (coffee) кафето (the coffee) - neutral
Баба (grandmother) бабата (the grandmother) - feminine
Захар (sugar) захарта (the sugar) - feminine (this is the exception you had to spot!)
Офис (office) офисът (the office) - masculine
Легло (bed) леглото (the bed) - neutral
Врата (door) вратата (the door) - feminine
Дърво (tree) дървото (the tree) - neutral
Дупка (pothole) дупката (the pothole) - feminine
къща (house) къщата (the house) - feminine

До скоро! See you soon!

Catherine