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Back You are here: Home Lifestyle The Bulgarian Language Complete Bulgarian Language Course

Complete Bulgarian Language Course

Not only is Bulgarian a new language to learn for foreigners but for most it is a new alphabet too! Strange symbols appear before your eyes and to add to the confusion, shops and road signs use a mix of Latin and Cyrillic alphabet. You could be totally forgiven for wondering if you will ever master the Bulgarian language.

Don't worry, help is at hand with our complete language course. All the language you need, comprising an easy to understand set of lessons. We have only included what you will need to start to communicate straight away in normal every day life.. a chat with the neighbours, going shopping, visiting the doctor, eating out...

 

The Cyrillic Alphabet

If any Quest Bulgaria member intend to learn the Bulgarian language, then our best advice would be to first learn the Cyrillic alphabet. This alphabet is also used in Belaruse, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Russia, Serbia and Ukraine.

It is widely believed that the alphabet was 'invented' by the brothers Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius (pictured) in the early part of the 9th century - however, much controversy still exists with regards the exact origins. It is more likely that it was developed in northeastern Bulgaria, where the oldest Cyrillic inscriptions have been found, some dating back to the 940's.



Please take time to study the alphabet and sounds ... it will make every trip to Bulgaria so much easier! After some practice you may be surprised to learn that you can now read, write and speak your first 12 bulgarian words ... try it out in the exercises on the next page ... good luck!

The Cyrillic Alphabet:



Bulgarian is a phonetic language. The sounds of the letters are at the same time the names of the letters. Do not try and 'remember' letters as "the backwards R", or "the weird P" as this will cause great confusion later! Unlike English, the sounds of "yu" and "ya" are represented by a single letter each. The same applies for "sh" and "sht".

The Bulgarian "E" is always pronounced as in "Elephant", never be tempted to pronounce it like an English "e" as in "eel".

The "R" sound is a rolling "R" and distinctly pronounced.

Don't be intimidated by this strange looking alphabet! Once you get over this barrier, you'll discover you can read signs, menus and understand some words (see next page).