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Attractions in Bulgaria

There are many attractions in Bulgaria, and it is very difficult to recommend what you should see, as there is simply so much to see in a country with archaeological, cultural and natural sights.

Here we take a look at the other side of Bulgaria and what it has to offer such as caves, towns and mountains instead of the famous Blacks sea resorts of which the country is most noted for. If you enjoy nature Bulgaria certainly has plenty of it.

Caves

Caves can be found throughout the country and are interesting places to visit, some of the popular ones include, Bacho Kiro cave, Dyavolskoto Garlo (The Devil's Throat) Cave, Ledenika Cave, Magura Cave and Yagodina Cave. Bacho Kiro Cave is located approximately 6 km southwest of Dryanovo and is an intricate 3600m maze of cave rooms and passages. The Devil's Throat Cave is believed to be around 300 000 years old. The cave is 1km long and you can see the largest cascade of waterfalls in the Balkan region with a total height of 60m.

The longest cave on the Balkan Peninsula is Yagodina Cave and is 10 km long. This is a five stories high cave, which has many abysses and labyrinths inside. Several of the formations in the cave look like Santa Claus, Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs. Magura Cave is very striking because of its paintings and is about 7000 years old. The art work shows displays of hunting, dance and love scenes.

Mountains

If you love the Mountains then Bulgaria has them. For climbers and winter sport enthusiasts the most famous in the country are Rila Mountain, Pirin Mountain, Rhodopes Mountain, Vitosha Mountain and the Stara Planina. Musala (2925 m) is the highest peak in the Rila mountain range in Bulgaria, and here you will also find the stunning famous Seven Rila Lakes. The lakes are individually named due to their characteristics, such as Salzata or The Tear is the highest lake and named because of its clear crystal water. The second highest is the Okoto or The Eye and is oval shaped.

You will also find amazing gorges in Bulgaria the most well known is the Trigod Gorge situated in the southern part of the country close to the Rhodope Mountains. It is surrounded by stunning vertical marble rocks that tumble down to the Trigrad River and into the Dyavolskoto Garlo (Devil's Throat) Cave. Nature enthusiasts will also enjoy discovering The Erma River Gorge. It is close to the western border of Bulgaria, and near to the town of Tran. A bridge over the river allows you to take in the spectacular surroundings of this beautiful gorge.

History and Culture

Culture and history are other attractions in Bulgaria to explore, and there are numerous architectural, churches, monasteries and ethnographic reserves to discover. One of the most stunning architectural reserves is Tsarevets a former medieval stronghold. It is located on the Tsarevets hill in the old capital of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. It was the prime fortress of the Second Bulgarian Empire and is an impressive site to visit with its high walls and royal palaces. Close by Veliko Tarnovo is the town of Gabrovo famed as the Bulgarian town of humour. Gabrovo is renowned for The Etar Architectural-Ethnographic site. It is an open-air museum that demonstrates the Bulgarian craftsmanship, culture and traditions. The site shows the way of life during the Bulgarian National

Revival and Architecture 

The country has an abundance of attractive churches and monasteries to visit and other remarkable architectural reserves in Bulgaria can be found in the towns of Koprivshtitsa, Zheravna and Zlatograd. The Rila Monastery is one not to be missed, the largest monastery in the country. It was founded in the 10th century and was regarded as one of the most important cultural, architectural and historical places. Another national tourist sites is the Boyana Church and is rated in the top 100. It was constructed in three steps and was completed in 19th century. There are amazing frescoes dating back to 1259, demonstrating the outstanding achievements of the mediaeval Bulgarian culture.

Towns to see

The city of Plovdiv is an amazing city and has a wealth of historical features to see with its site known as "The Old Plovdiv". There are remains, preserved from various ages and an Ancient amphitheatre and Roman Stadium. The Ethnographic Museum in Plovdiv was inaugurated in 1917. There are over 40 000 relics, exhibited in the museum that are related to agriculture, crafts, textile, furniture, art and musical instruments dating between the 18th and 19th centuries.

Bulgaria has many archaeological remains displaying proof of life from ancient times. Madara is a village in northwest Bulgaria with an important archaeological and historical reserve. It has a Thracian settlement, ancient Roman villa and fortress, medieval palace and Christian monasteries and churches. Madara is famous for the Madara Rider, which is a large rock relief, carved in 8th century by Bulgars. If Thracian history interests you then you should also visit the Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak situated in the Centre of Bulgaria, the ancient Thracian city of Perperikon in the eastern Rhodope Mountains or Veliki Preslav in the north- east of Bulgaria, which was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire.

There are other places to visit with plenty to see and do and cities like Burgas, Sofia and Varna. There are a number of galleries, monuments and museums scattered around the country to visit, that have a wealth of information about this fascinating culture and history. You just may have to visit again as there will not be enough time to see all of the attractions in Bulgaria.